The National Park Service is warning hikers to watch out for seed pods from invasive plant species, which can easily spread after becoming stuck on hiking pants and shoes when walkers are exploring in the fall.
Canyonlands NPS (opens in new tab) posted a Tweet showing how to recognize the small, spiny pods of puncturevine (also known as goathead), and encouraging park visitors to clean their gear carefully to avoid spreading the weed on their clothing.
Let's unite against a common foe–Puncturevine or, goathead! This plant's sharp spiny seeds easily hitch a ride on your shoe. Following #PlayCleanGo steps like cleaning your gear before you begin an adventure can help stop the spread of invasive like these. https://t.co/Fm3hsszhlw pic.twitter.com/y5ArZBpct9September 29, 2022
Puncturevine is a broad-leafed summer annual that's classified as a 'noxious weed' by the University of California's Integrated Pest Management Program (opens in new tab). The spiked seed pods are sharp enough to injure people and animals, or even puncture bike tires (hence the plant's name). The leaves also contain compounds called saponins (opens in new tab) that can be toxic to livestock.
Puncturevine fruit are round with five lobes, and measure around 1/5in to 2/5in in diameter. They vary in color from gray to yellowish tan. When the fruit is mature, the lobes separate into 'nutlets', each of which has two sharp spines and several short prickles. Nutlets contain three to five seeds each.
PlayCleanGo (opens in new tab), an awareness campaign run by the North American Invasive Species Management Association, advises you to remove plants, animals, and mud from your clothing, equipment, and vehicle; clean your gear before entering or leaving a recreation site; stick to designated roads and trails; and only use certified local firewood and hay rather than bringing in materials from outside the area.
Specific tips for hikers (opens in new tab) include picking seeds and burrs off your hiking boots, and brushing them down at designated stations, and using coconut oil to help ease stubborn seed pods out of your dog's coat.
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Cat is the editor of Advnture, She’s been a journalist for 13 years, and was fitness and wellbeing editor on TechRadar before joining the Advnture team in 2022. She’s a UK Athletics qualified run leader, and in her spare time enjoys nothing more than lacing up her shoes and hitting the roads and trails (the muddier, the better).
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