One-person tent vs bivy sack: which is ideal for a bikepacking trip?

A one-person shelter offers a degree of luxury that a bivvy doesn't, but at what cost? (Image credit: getty)

A quality, minimal one-person shelter is de rigueur for a successful bikepacking trip. These days, this boils down to a few options: the one-person tent, the bivi sack or the hammock. We're parking the hammock to one side here to take a look at the battle between a one person tent vs bivy sack, to decide which is best for your bikepacking adventures.

Not so long ago, choosing between a one-person tent and a bivy sack was very straightforward. Just a few decades ago, they were at either end of the spectrum in terms of weight and comfort. Bivy sacks were, in essence, huge orange plastic trash bags; light, cheap, basic and so bedevilled by condensation that in anything but heavy rain you were better off sleeping outside the bag. Even the lightest tents back then weighed a ton but were far more comfortable. 

Since those days bivy sacks have improved almost immeasurably, mainly through the use of breathable fabrics, which keep them light and simple but make them usable by more than masochists. One-person tents have got much lighter, though they are still more comfortable and, for the most part, more expensive. All this means that it's now possible to make a useful comparison between the two shelter systems. Let's get into it...

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Below we feature today's best deals on one of our top-rated one-person tents and one of our favorite bivy sacks too:

Meet our expert

one-person tent vs bivy sack: Jasper Winn
Jasper Winn

Jasper knows a thing or two about long-distance cycling epics. He's cycled across the Sahara. Twice. This was because, having ridden north-to-south across Algeria, he discovered the only way to get back was to turn round and pedal north again. An advocate for slow adventures in the saddle, he brings his considerable expertise to our bout between one-person tents and bivy sacks.

Bivy basics

  • A bivy is a waterproof, breathable bag that goes over a sleeping bag
  • They’re designed to be used without a tent

Despite all the modern materials, bivy sacks remain a simple concept. Basically a bivy is a waterproof, breathable bag to go over your sleeping bag. You can throw one down anywhere and wiggle inside it to get shelter within seconds. Although, for an experience that goes beyond mere survival, and in weather any more testing than low-level summer sleep outs, carrying a lightweight tarp-poncho on your bike is worth the extra weight, as it allows you to erect a shelter over your head end, so you can sit up, eat, read and otherwise do more than lie-flat in a 'body bag'.

Hooped bivy sacks were a bit of a break through in the 1980s, when I used one while cycling a thousand miles of dirt roads around Iceland in a month of rain. These provide a bit of space at the head end, though barely more than enough to prop oneself up on an elbow to eat or read. Nowadays hooped bivy sacks make far less sense, when a modern tent can be as light (or lighter), far roomier and more weatherproof, though they still have their fans.

Man using the Alpkit Hunka bivy sack

A bivy sack is essentially just a bag that goes over the top of your sleeping bag (Image credit: Jasper Winn)

Tent talk

  • A one-person tent is a lightweight shelter designed for solo campers
  • It provides more protection from the elements than a bivy sack
  • Main drawback is that if they become damaged, they can be difficult to erect altogether

Like bivy sacks, lightweight tents still necessitate good campsite selection and honed outdoor skills. They also need more space – and time – to set up, but even the smallest then has room for a bit more than just lying down. In day after day of bad weather you'll get better sleep, keep kit drier and basically be able to keep functioning better in a small tent than you would if relying solely on a bivy sack for shelter. 

A potential drawback of ultra lightweight tents – especially on extended or rugged trips – is that weight-saving can mean sacrificing the robustness to cope with unforeseen events. Blogs by long distance hikers and bikepackers with lightweight tents often dwell on rips, broken poles or the like. A drawback when compared to the simplicity of a bivy sack is that, if they can't be erected as designed, few tents offer much scope for improvising shelter from their components. 

Tent and bike in field beside lake

A tent takes more space and time to set up than a bivy sack (Image credit: Getty)


  • Bivies are ideal for stealth camping
  • Ultralight tents fall into the light hiking category
  • One-person tents offer more privacy and security than a bivy
  • When you have to sit out a poor weather day, tent’s are infinitely preferable

A bivy sack is the most basic form of shelter, whether used as a simple throw-down-and-climb-in bed for the odd night, as a super-light option on extended trips, or a useful emergency backup in case you face an unexpected night out (hopefully not something that'll happen on a cycling expedition).

Bivies are ideal for stealth camping; pick remote and hidden spots, lay down late and get up and move on early. When I have used campsites on long walks for showers and convenience I pack up the bivy sack and rest of the kit into my rucksack for the daylight hours and store it somewhere safe. 

Tents at the ultra-light end of the spectrum were originally aimed at adventure racers and those pushing extremes on long trips, but the benefits of new materials, design and technology has fed into the light hiking category. Minimum functionality ensures a comfortable night in weather up the limit that the tent's designed for, though many people use experience to take ultra-light tents into climates and environments far beyond their design brief.

All tents should have enough room for the occupant to lie out comfortably and move in their sleep a bit, and to sit up and perform basic tasks. If there's not enough room, then you're back in hooped bivy sack territory. A tent, however cramped, is very different option compared to waiting out a we day stuck in a bivy sack. Other pluses for tents are a bit more privacy and security for kit if you end up in a campsite or a fairly public area. 

Snugpak bivy sack in woods

A hooped bivy sack gives you a little extra room to move (Image credit: Snugpak)


  • A bivy should be simple, waterproof and breathable
  • Bivies with an insect net are useful
  • For more extreme adventures, get a bivy with additional volume and length
  • In a one-person tent, a design that deflects wind is important
  • The smaller the footprint, the more potential pitch sites open up  

A design brief for a bivy sack should prioritise simplicity; a breathable, waterproof bag, big enough to allow your sleeping bag to loft and not feel restrictive, and long enough to get well down inside in bad weather is ideal. Added features usually detract from the functionality; if you find yourself looking at hoops and pegs and extra space, then you might want a tent. 

I find zip closures claustrophobic; pull over hoods with plenty of overlap over the mouth are better, especially if the hood is roomy enough to store and protect vulnerable gear from the wet. One bivy sack I've used, though heavy, does have a Velcro-sealed insect net across the hood, and that has been useful. 

The dimensions of a bivy sack are important, both in relation to your own size and to your needs; the more extreme the conditions you're likely to encounter the more comfort you'll gain from extra volume and length. Squeezing into a too-tight bag will compress the filling in your sleeping bag reducing its insulation, and it can be better to have an inflatable mat inside the bag rather than outside. Alpkit, for instance, does the Hunka in two sizes. I'm 5'11" and though I used the normal-sized one during a 750-mile walk around Japan, I would choose the XL in the future to have more room. Other manufacturers vary in their bag's dimensions and so need to be checked carefully against your own specifications.

Sleeping bag inside bivy sack

Make sure your bivy sack isn't too small, otherwise it will compress your sleeping bag's insulation (Image credit: Alpkit)

Tents take more time to erect compared to just throwing a bivy on the ground, but practice can get tent put-ups to within a few minutes in most conditions. Nonetheless some designs are easier to erect than others. A shape to deflect wind and allow rain to run off is important. And the smaller the footprint – including the space for guy ropes – the more improvised campsites you can use. Some tents save weight by assuming that you have one or two trekking poles to use for support; factor that in if you don't normally carry poles.


  • The fewer features a bivy has, the better
  • Bivy closure is usually Velcro, zip or drawstring
  • An insect mesh can be useful on a bivy
  • One-person tents feature overhead attachments for a head lamp
  • The ability to pitch a tent’s flysheet first is recommended
  • For both, choose colors that will blend into the surroundings

The fewer features on a bivy sack, the better in the opinion of most experienced users I've consulted, myself included. Closure of the mouth can be Velcro, zip, drawstring or in some cases a capacious overlapping hood. In most situations the only welcome extra feature can be a closable insect proof mesh panel across the bag's mouth. However, a small pocket near the opening to put a torch or other items you need to find easily in the dark can also be useful.

Some bags are constructed with a sturdier, fully waterproof but non-breathable bottom and a breathable upper; this can make them more robust and help water resistance on wet or rough ground. A loop tag on the top edge of the bag's mouth can be used to tie it up to a tree branch and get more airflow.

Sacks come in all colours; if you're primarily going to be using one for low-impact and hide-away sleeping then green makes the most sense; if intended as a back-up or emergency shelter then a bright colour – red or orange – is better in a rescue situation. 

Keep your bivy sack simple, and add versatility by carrying a light tarp or tarp-poncho as added shelter.

Woman using Alpkit bivy sack

When it comes to bivy sacks, most people agree that simpler is better (Image credit: Alpkit)

Tents are likely to be used for eating, reading and other non-sleeping activities, especially in bad weather and so can benefit from hooks to hold a headlamp overhead and kit pockets to keep essential items to hand. 

The ability to pitch a tent flysheet first is better if likely to be done in rain or high winds, and a design that allows you to take and pitch just the flysheet without carrying the inner can save weight and add versatility.  Well-placed vents help alleviate condensation.

Inner tents should be finest mesh or fabric and with zips to fully seal them against insects.

As with bivy sacks, choose a colour based on whether you want to be seen or would rather blend in. The latter – less visual pollution – is also a consideration when it comes to others' enjoyment of the outdoors.


  • Bivies generally cost less than one-person tents
  • You can get a decent bivy for around $40 / £30

You'll spend less on a bivvy bag and tarp system than on a tent, and there's a sweet spot above which you don't get many bivvy bag benefits for extra dosh. If you haven't bivvy camped before, consider buying one of the cheapest but still breathable bags (there are new and used military Gore-Tex bags on websites for around £30/$40) to try it out. Most experienced bivvy bag campers have worked their way up from the ubiquitous orange plastic bag via cheaper breathable bags to something top end. 

On the other hand, quality in lightweight tents is usually cost-related. Understandably so, as there's greater complexity in the design and manufacture and more expensive materials. Do your research and then within reason pay the price for the tent that suits your needs; a tent that gets used a lot, and stands up to that use, is a better investment than something that gets left in the back of the cupboard (or worse, dumped in landfill). 

The bivy: pros and cons

  • Bivy pros are cost, simplicity, versatility and lightness
  • In a bivy, you really get the joy of sleeping outside
  • Bivy cons are their restricted dimensions and claustrophobic feel
  • Bivies are also challenging to use during consecutive bad weather days

The pluses of bivy sacks are cheapness, simplicity, versatility, the ability to roll one out and sleep anywhere, and lightness. They need a certain amount of know-how to use in bad weather or on long trips. Add in a tarp or a dual function poncho-tarp and you raise the functionality hugely, though you also up the weight penalty, as well as needing to learn new bushcraft skills. And in a bivy, you're really sleeping 'outside' – that's the feeling that most bivy sack campers count as one of their greatest attractions.

The minuses of bivy sacks are their restricted dimensions – they really are just a covering for your bag. They are claustrophobic when closed or sealed, and there's often condensation even with good breathable fabrics. They are challenging – or just plain depressing - if used day after day in poor or marginal weather. They can be hot and damp on warm nights, when breathability is compromised.  There is no room to do anything bar – maybe – read; my go-to entertainment when trapped in a bivy sack has been a small MP3 player with podcasts, otherwise it's suspended animation, torpor/coma. Getting in and out of the bivy sack in bad weather can easily soak your clothes and your sleeping bag unless well managed.

The one-person tent: pros and cons

  • Tent pros are comfort, protection from the weather and roominess
  • Cons include needing a large footprint area to pitch
  • Tents also can only be pitched in one format

Tents are a weatherproof and considerably more comfortable option if sited well, and offer enough roominess to at least sit up to read, eat and even change clothing in the dry. An insect proof inner tent can bring fabulous relief from mosquitoes and black fly in many locations, and you can keep most of your kit inside in the dry. A tent can form a base camp for day trips in and out. 

On the downside, micro tents can only be pitched in one format and require reasonably flat ground and a far larger footprint area compared to a bivy sack. They are still too small to cook in safely, and can be oppressively muggy in hot climates.  

Bikepacker setting up tent in field

A tent is definitely the more comfortable option, particularly in inclement weather (Image credit: Getty)

One-person tent vs bivy sack comparison table

Swipe to scroll horizontally
Header Cell - Column 0 One-person tentBivy sack
PriceMore expensiveCheaper
ConvenienceA little more complicated to set up, heavier and bulkier to pack and carryEasy set up, can be used most places, smaller and lighter to pack and carry
Protection from the elementsBetter protectionSome protection
VersatilityMore functionalBasic functionality, not intended for prolonged use
SpaceMore space for your gear and to move aroundClaustrophobic once zipped


  • The lightest, roomiest and simplest bivy is the best option
  • It’s worth investing in a tarp-poncho to extend comfort level
  • For the extra cost and weight of a tent, you need an premium product
  • In good weather, starting your wild camping journey with a bivy is very cost effective
  • However, the comfort of a one-person tent makes it a tempting option

If forced to choose, I would suggest going for the lightest, roomiest, simplest well-made bivy sack to maximize the advantages of minimum weight, versatility, simplicity and cost. Then, as mentioned, it's well worth also investing in a lightweight tarp-poncho to extend the comfort level.

If trying to choose a one-man tent that can compete against a bivy for convenience and weight, you need tangible advantages: extra space, keeping out insects (a top reason in my view), good weather-beating design to keep you, your gear and especially your sleeping bag dry (meaning you can take a lighter down bag). 

Both have their advantages and disadvantages. If you've never tried bikepacking or lightweight camping, then starting with a bivy in unchallenging conditions – in terms of weather and terrain – can be done cheaply, and your skills and your kit extended if you find it works for you. For more than a night out in anything but good weather I would always carry a tarp to extend the possibilities for being comfortable. 

You should always be able to extemporise some kind of reasonable night's sleep with a bivy sack and basic bushcraft, but it can be challenging. But there's the unquenchable joy of simplicity. And they make a perfect lightweight back up for bothy trips or anywhere where you're intended shelter might be locked, full or not where you thought it was on the map.

If you have a particular trip or kind of walking in mind, a proven lightweight one-man tent suited to the conditions you expect can be far more comfortable, give you a better night's sleep, keep you warmer and allow you to eat, read, sit up and – importantly – dress and undress out of bad weather. 

Ultimately, it's your adventure, and the decision is yours alone.

This article is part of Advnture's Bikepacking Week 2023 (running from Monday 22 to Sunday 28 May), our ultimate guide to adventuring on two wheels including essential advice, gear, and features to help you plan the perfect expedition.

Jasper Winn

After a wild childhood in west Cork, Jasper Winn began embarking on long cycles, walks, horse journeys and kayak trips across five continents – adventures he’s decanted into books, magazine articles, radio and television documentaries. Keen on low-tech but good gear, Jasper is an advocate of slow adventures by paddle, pedal, saddle, boot and sail. He has circumnavigated Ireland by kayak and cycled across the Sahara. Twice. Having ridden north-to-south across Algeria he discovered the only way to get back was to turn round and pedal north again.

With contributions from