While in the US and Canada, hiking is the common term for walking in the hills, other countries like the UK use the terms hiking and walking interchangeably, leaving some of us to ask, is there a difference between hiking vs walking?
Is hiking basically walking?
Well, yes and no. It seems clear that when you’re hiking, you’re walking on your two feet, but the two different terms exist for a reason, though the line is admittedly blurry. Hiking is indeed walking, but with some added nuanced qualities that make it more challenging, and require different gear. Let’s take a look at some of the defining characteristics of hiking vs walking.
The primary distinction between hiking and walking is where you do it. Hiking always takes place in nature, be it on a mountain, a forested footpath or coastal trail. These environments might be well-maintained National Parks or remote wilderness areas, and as a result, hiking generally connotes some level of adventure, whether that's exploring Colorado's highest peaks or strolling among giant trees in Redwood National Park.
Walking on the other hand is usually done in a more developed or urban environment, such as along a sidewalk and may simply be what you do to get from your house to the post office.
Believe it or not, the why is almost as important as the where when it comes to hiking vs walking. Hiking is generally done for pleasure and exercise, and may be to reach a particular destination such as a mountain summit or a waterfall.
Meanwhile, walking of course can also be done for pleasure, exercise or to reach a destination, but it also involves more mundane agendas like dashing to the shops, getting to work or the after school pickup.
Next, you’ve got the question of how you do it. Because hiking generally involves going up and down hills, it’s often a more physically vigorous activity than walking, which tends to occur along mostly flat terrain. On a hike, you might encounter any level of grade from a gentle incline to scrambling and hiking requires a certain degree of stamina. Some hikes, for example those that take place at high altitude, even require a degree of training beforehand.
A walk can be anything from a leisurely saunter to a brisk march, where you might indeed break a sweat, but when you’re walking, you’re unlikely to encounter steep grades for any significant length of time, even in hilly San Francisco.
Whether or not distance is a defining characteristic of hiking really depends on who you ask. In fact, there is no official minimum distance that makes a hike a hike, but a hike is defined as a long walk. Though that’s pretty subjective, many agree that a hike is usually more than two miles and can be as long as 40 miles, at which point it might unofficially be considered a trek – as we explain in our hiking vs trekking comparison. Meanwhile, a walk can take place over any distance.
|Terrain||Always takes place in nature, whether that's a mountain, forest or coastal path||Generally takes place in an urban environment, such as on a sidewalk|
|Purpose||Is done for pleasure or exercise, or to reach a specific location like a summit or waterfall||Can be for pleasure or exercise, or just to get to the shops, school or work|
|Exertion||Involves some physical challenge, often uphill||Less exertion, usually on flat surfaces|
|Distance||Has to be a long distance, unofficially once it's over two miles it's a hike||Can be any distance|
Now that we’ve established that hiking takes you out into the countryside, often up hills and over longer distances, we can probably all agree that some specific gear is needed. As we discuss in our article on how to start hiking, there isn’t a whole lot of specialized equipment required, however you will need proper footwear to pretect your feet and ankles on uneven terrain, such as hiking boots or hiking shoes, and you’ll probably want a backpack to carry some water, extra layers and navigational devices like a compass. Depending on where and when you’re going, you might want a waterproof jacket or hiking poles.
Walking on the other hand? No special gear needed and you could even do it barefoot if you really wanted to.
Julia Clarke is a staff writer for Advnture.com and the author of the book Restorative Yoga for Beginners. She loves to explore mountains on foot, bike, skis and belay and then recover on the the yoga mat. Julia graduated with a degree in journalism in 2004 and spent eight years working as a radio presenter in Kansas City, Vermont, Boston and New York City before discovering the joys of the Rocky Mountains. She then detoured west to Colorado and enjoyed 11 years teaching yoga in Vail before returning to her hometown of Glasgow, Scotland in 2020 to focus on family and writing.
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