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Best camping axes and hatchets 2022: lightweight cutting tools for chopping firewood, clearing trails and practising bushcraft

A man chopping branches with axe for campfire
(Image credit: warodom changyencham / Getty Images)

The best camping axes or hatchets are – along with a quality folding saw – the most useful tools to take with you when you go camping. They’re obviously essential for chopping trees into firewood, but they also come in handy for a multitude of other tasks, giving you the ability to process wood quickly. 

This is particularly useful if you intend to build a shelter from natural resources, make simple camp furniture or tackle other projects that test your bushcraft skills. It’s worth bearing in mind that a small hatchet or a larger axe can also be a very useful asset when backpacking, hiking or canoeing, especially if you’re heading into wilderness areas. It will enable you to clear fallen logs or branches from the trail or cut back tangled undergrowth that might otherwise stop you in your tracks. And, if your camping trip involves hunting game, an axe can help you to process meat, hacking easily through joints and hides. 

For all these tasks, there are specialist axes, custom-made for the job at hand. But for general camping use, we’re looking for a solid all-rounder – a tool that is reasonably lightweight and compact, so it can be carried and packed away. Luckily, there’s plenty of choice out there. A small hatchet can give you a surprising amount of chopping power for making kindling and even splitting small logs (see also: how to chop firewood: split your campfire fuel with ease). Or, for more permanent basecamps and extended backcountry trips, a longer and heavier light felling axe is ideal.

To ensure optimum performance and a lifetime of use and abuse, of course, it’s important to look at overall quality and durability. Many factors affect the strength and utility of an axe, from handle construction and ergonomics to head design and the shape of the bit. That’s why we’ve tested a selection of the best options on the market for cutting performance, build quality and other features, while also taking price point and overall value into consideration.

So, whether you use a hatchet for processing camp firewood or an axe for weekend bushcrafting, we can point you to the best model for your needs.

Best camping axe all-round

Hults Bruk Akka / Hultafors Åby Forest Axe

(Image credit: Matthew Jones)

Hults Bruk Akka / Hultafors Åby Forest Axe

This premium axe has an extended handle for increased power, but a versatile head profile that is able to handle multiple different outdoor tasks

List price: $160 (US) / £130 (UK) | Weight: 975g / 2lb 2oz | Blade length: 8cm / 3in | Overall length: 60cm / 23.25 in | Head: Hand-forged carbon steel | Handle: Hickory | Head guard: Heavy-duty leather

Premium hand-forged steel head
Hickory handle 
Supplied with high-quality leather head mask
Versatile size and weight
Longer handle gives greater cutting power
Overkill for many campers
One of the most expensive axes around

This premium, hand-forged felling axe has a 1.5lb (approximately 700g) head and a 23in hickory handle. It’s not the most compact axe around, but that extra heft enables this axe to be used for heavier work like clearing trails, as well as general use around camp. 

The head is a fairly unusual but very versatile shape, well suited to both mid-size chopping and more detailed work. It feels very precise, with a large cutaway that allows the user to choke up on the handle for very fine control. Despite the longer handle, this makes it a good tool for carving and whittling projects. 

But in two hands, the Åby is great for limbing logs, snedding branches, or felling small-to-medium-sized trees. In fact, it’s a fantastic axe for processing larger volumes of wood, especially when used in conjunction with the best camping saw. Though it isn’t really designed for splitting, it will chop through small rounds and make batons for kindling too. 

You could just about strap this axe to the outside of a decent-sized trekking pack, and it’s no heavier than many shorter axes or the more robust hatchets out there. But we think the Åby delivers significantly more felling power than almost anything else in its weight class. It might be more than many campers need, and it isn’t cheap either. But if you want a lifelong camp companion for everything from bushcraft weekends to wilderness canoeing trips, this little powerhouse is our top pick for the best camping axe.

Read our full Hults Bruk Akka / Hultafors Åby Forest Axe review

Gränsfors Bruk Small Forest Axe

(Image credit: Matthew Jones)

Gränsfors Bruk Small Forest Axe

This premium axe is a superlative tool for demanding users who need a versatile and capable yet still reasonably compact axe for outdoor living

List price: £132 (UK) / €152 (EU) | Weight: 975g / 2lb 2oz | Blade length: 8cm / 3in | Overall length: 50cm / 19.5in | Head: Hand-forged carbon steel | Handle: Hickory | Head guard: Heavy duty leather

Premium hand-forged steel head
Hickory handle 
Supplied with high-quality leather head mask
Versatile size and weight
Overkill for many campers

Gränsfors Bruk is one of the most highly-regarded axemakers in Sweden, but sustainability is at the heart of operations too. Heads are forged from recycled steel, while the leather used to make sheaths and masks is vegetable tanned (and therefore chromium-free). Wooden handles are made of responsibly sourced hickory. The company are also conscious of the environmental impact of their manufacturing processes, being careful to limit use of energy, resources and waste as much as possible. These commitments are laudable, but the finished products are also outstanding. 

The Small Forest Axe has a beautiful hand-forged head with a versatile 19.5in hickory handle. It’s a size that can be used with one hand or two, making it the best camping axe for many outdoors folk including noted experts like Ray Mears. Essentially, it straddles the divide between a small hand axe and a light felling axe. It’s also still light and compact enough to carry strapped to the outside of a decent-sized rucksack. 

The total weight is a fraction under a kilogram – just over two pounds – which isn’t much heavier than many of the more robust hatchets out there. In contrast to a hatchet, however, you get an extremely versatile and capable axe with considerable chopping and felling power. Of course, it might be overkill for many campers, but we understand why many people like the idea of a hand-forged tool that can be traced right back to its individual maker. If that’s you, you’ll undoubtedly appreciate this finely crafted camping axe, which will no doubt become a prized possession. 

Read our full Gränsfors Bruk Small Forest Axe review

Best compact axes and hatchets

Adler 1919 Rheinland hatchet

(Image credit: Matthew Jones)

Adler 1919 Rheinland Hatchet

This premium hatchet is nicely crafted with heritage looks, and makes a very capable backwoods tool

List price: $84 (US) / £69 (UK) | Weight: 830g / 1lb 13oz | Blade length: 10.5cm / 4in | Overall length: 36cm / 14in | Head: Forged carbon steel | Handle: Hickory | Head guard: Heavy duty leather

Versatile tapered bit 
High quality, German-forged steel head
Hickory handle with anti-slip finish
Supplied with high-quality leather head mask

This is a stout little hiking hatchet with handsome heritage looks, forged in Germany. The head is a very traditional and well-proven shape, with a flared beard and an extended cutting edge. It has a conventional tapered wedge profile, with thick lugs around the eye for added strength and heft. 

The back of the head has a chunky poll or butt that works well for hammering tent pegs or similar camp tasks. The head is extremely well seated on the handle, which is made from American hickory. It’s well sculpted too, feeling elegant and precise yet strong and secure in the hand. 

The head weight is 1.35lbs or just over 600g, and we found that it delivered more grunt than slightly lighter rivals. It will split small logs, chop kindling and sned branches with ease, delivering good penetration in soft or hardwood. However, its compact dimensions will easily slide into a bag or strap onto a pack too. It also comes with a high-quality leather head guard that protects the bit effectively. 

Okay, the shorter handle does limit cutting power a little, but that’s true of hatchets in general. And if you do need more leverage, Adler produce a longer axe with the same head as the Rheinland, called the Canoe Axe. 

The steel is of high quality and the hatchet came with a keen edge. It sharpens up easily with a circular whetstone. All in all, this is a very versatile and well-made tool with plenty to recommend it and no real negatives to speak of. It is slightly more expensive than entry-level hatchets, but the superior quality is evident, while still being cheaper than a traditional hand-forged axe. We think it's one of the best camping axes for value. 

Read our full Adler 1919 Rheinland Hatchet review

Husqvarna Hatchet

(Image credit: Matthew Jones)

Husqvarna hatchet

Swedish-designed but German-made, this compact little hatchet from Husqvarna is an effective and robust tool

RRP: $39 (US) / £31.49 (UK) | Weight: 855g / 1lb 14oz | Blade length: 10.5cm / 4in | Overall length: 36cm / 14in | Head: Forged carbon steel | Handle: Ash | Edge protector: Black PU leatherette

Compact dimensions
Supplied with edge guard
Wedge-shaped, all-steel head
Ash handle
Steel seems softer than some rivals
Shorter handle than some rivals

This feels like a sturdy, no-nonsense hatchet and proved itself as such on camp. The broad wedge-shaped bit splits small logs cleanly, without getting stuck. It works just as well for chopping sticks and kindling thanks to plenty of head weight and a pronounced palm swell that enables an easy chopping stroke. 

The handle is comfortable to use, and the natural, unvarnished wood also absorbs palm sweat, ensuring a good grip. It is quite chunky, though, so best suited to larger hands. 

The length enables easy one-handed use and feels well-balanced overall. The large head cutaway also enables you to choke up for more precise carving work too, which is great for camp bushcraft projects. Though the steel seems slightly softer than some of its rivals, it sharpens easily. And all in all, for the price, this is a solid hatchet that, with a little regular TLC, ought to see the user through many years of good service.

Mora Lightweight Axe

(Image credit: Matthew Jones)

Mora Lightweight Axe

This distinctive Swedish hatchet is an unusual-looking tool, but the unconventional design proves highly effective for light tasks around camp

RRP: $60 (US) / £50 (UK) | Weight: 495g / 17.5oz | Blade length: 9cm / 3.5in | Overall length: 32cm / 12.5in | Head: Boron steel (black ED coated) | Handle: Reinforced polypropylene | Edge protector: Black vegetable-tanned leather

Light and compact
Supplied with leather edge guard
Hardened steel head
Rust-resistant coating 
Plastic handle scuffs easily
Small, thin poll of limited use for hammering tent stakes or similar

This axe has a 6mm thick, black-coated steel head slotted into a polypropylene handle, which comes in two colors – muted forest green or high-viz orange. It tips the scales at around half a kilo, or just over a pound, and its overall length is just over 12 inches. So, it’s a very compact tool that slides easily into even a small pack. It’s also light enough to be a viable option for backcountry camping trips and backpacking adventures. 

The Mora has decent head weight for a compact hatchet and the head is made from high-quality boron steel, which is slightly harder than most standard carbon steels. The bit has plenty of belly for its size, and a double-bevel Scandinavian grind. The textured handle offers good grip and has a turned-in palm swell that sits comfortably in one hand. It surprised us with its capabilities. The design gives plenty of downforce when chopping kindling and small logs, so for light camp tasks, it’s a real winner. 

It's not so good for clearing trails or limbing branches, mostly because it’s just too light and too short to swing easily. The thin, flat head also means it isn’t great for hammering. But its advantages outweigh the negatives, and this is still a genuinely useful, well-designed tool – not least because it is light and compact enough to come on many adventures where a bigger hatchet would be impractical. 

SOG Camp Axe

(Image credit: Matthew Jones)

SOG Camp Axe

With a sleek satin finish, this is a handsome tool, but it’s not all style over substance – provided you stick to lighter tasks, it will still get the job done

List price: $75 (US) / £61 (UK) | Weight: 470g / 16.6oz | Blade length: 7cm / 2.75in | Overall length: 29cm / 11.5in | Head: Stainless steel (satin finish) | Handle: Glass-reinforced nylon | Sheath: Black plastic

Very light and compact
Stainless-steel head and collar
Useful poll or butt for hammering
Short, flat bit lacks penetration
Fiberglass handle isn’t the most comfortable or secure 

This small, lightweight hatchet is easy to transport and stow. The head is made of stainless steel, which ought to ensure good resistance to corrosion even in damp and humid conditions. It has a wedge profile with a blocky poll or butt for hammering. There’s also a pronounced cutaway like a carpenter’s axe, which actually makes this a good little whittling tool. 

The fiberglass handle is protected by a steel collar, while the lower portion has molded grooves for grip. It’s easy to wield, even in the confines of a small campsite. It knocks tent stakes into hard-packed ground easily and does a pretty good job of processing firewood for kindling too. 

There’s not really enough head weight to split logs, but it can be done with a bit of effort, and the collar means you can give it a bit more grunt without worrying about damaging the axe. The bit is short and shallow, so it doesn’t have great penetration, but this isn’t a problem if you’re only dealing with seasoned, dry or straight-grained wood. And for finer cutting tasks, it offers precision and control, whether you’re shaving bark or whittling wood. So, despite its diminutive size this is a surprisingly versatile camp hatchet.

Whitby Camp & Survival Axe

(Image credit: Matthew Jones)

Whitby Camp & Survival Axe

Very light and very compact, this tomahawk-style hatchet seems best suited for a prepper or survivalist’s emergency “bug-out bag” but can handle occasional camping use

RRP: $25 (US) / £19.95 (UK) | Weight: 340g / 12oz | Blade length: 9.5cm / 4in | Overall length: 33cm / 13in | Head: Stainless steel (black oxide coated) | Handle: Nylon with rubberized grip | Head guard: Black nylon

Light and compact
Supplied with nylon head guard
Stainless-steel head with black oxide finish
Integrated features include nail pry, scraper blade and multiple hex wrench 
Lacks head weight
No poll or butt for hammering
Delicate bit

This little axe has an aggressive tomahawk-like stainless steel head with a 'tactical' black oxide finish. Designed as a utility tool, it incorporates a scraper blade, a nail pry and a hex wrench. The handle is plastic nylon with a green rubberized grip. It also comes with a nylon guard that covers the whole of the head. 

It’s extremely light and portable, but you can chop kindling and perform similar light camp tasks with it, and it’s generally quicker and easier than batoning with a knife. Though it’s a budget buy, this is a fairly practical outdoor tool too – the head is unlikely to rust, and the plastic handle won’t rot or swell with moisture. 

It’s obviously not the best camping axe for heavier work, and doesn’t have enough head weight or heft to split logs. But if you just need a miniature hatchet for chopping kindling and making tinder for fire-lighting, this is a reasonably priced alternative to a fixed-blade knife. 

Preppers and survivalists will also appreciate its tactical look and additional emergency utility features. 

Best budget camping axes

Stihl AX6 hatchet

(Image credit: Matthew Jones)

Stihl AX6 hatchet

The AX6 is a light forestry hatchet that’s great for camp or trail use too, offering plenty of bang for your buck

List price: $33 (US) / £26.75 (UK) | Weight: 855g / 1lb 14oz | Blade length: 11cm / 4.25in | Overall length: 40cm / 15.5in | Head: Forged carbon steel | Handle: Ash | Edge protector: None

Versatile tapered bit 
Good quality, Italian-forged head
Ash handle
Slightly longer than most comparable rivals
Varnished finish can be a little slippery
No head guard or edge protector

This traditional-looking hatchet has a carbon steel head forged in Italy, fitted to a chunky ash handle. The head weighs 600g or about 1lb 5oz. It has a large, squared-off poll or butt for hammering, and a tapering wedge-shaped bit that’s a versatile shape for varied cutting and chopping tasks. 

The cutting edge came sharp from the factory, and the steel is good quality. Being about an inch longer than other hatchets in its class, it has slightly more leverage and power whilst still being short enough for easy one-handed use. 

We liked it a lot, and on camp it proved a versatile tool. It has plenty of head weight to split small logs and chop kindling easily. The cutting edge has plenty of belly for good penetration. The handle is comfortable to use despite its varnished finish too. It also has a head cutaway to choke up on the handle for finer work, though the shoulders are a bit too thick to be comfortable for smaller hands. But it kept its edge well without chipping or rolling and also sharpens easily. 

In fact, if you’re on a tight budget, we think the AX6 is one of the best camping axes out there, You get plenty of bang for your buck here.

Best camping axes and hatchets
Axe / hatchetList priceWeightBlade lengthTotal lengthHead
Hults Bruk Akka / Hultafors Åby Forest Axe$160 (US) / £130 (UK)975g / 2lb 2oz8cm / 3in 60cm / 23.25 inHand-forged carbon steel
Gränsfors Bruk Small Forest Axe£132 (UK) / €152 (EU)975g / 2lb 2oz8cm / 3in50cm / 19.5inHand-forged carbon steel
Adler 1919 Rheinland hatchet$84 (US) / £69 (UK) 830g / 1lb 13oz10.5cm / 4in36cm / 14inForged carbon steel
Husqvarna hatchet$39 (US) / £31.49 (UK)855g / 1lb 14oz10.5cm / 4in36cm / 14inForged carbon steel
Mora Lightweight Axe$60 (US) / £50 (UK)495g / 17.5oz9cm / 3.5in32cm / 12.5inBoron steel (black ED coated)
SOG Camp Axe$75 (US) / £61 (UK)470g / 16.6oz7cm / 2.75in29cm / 11.5inStainless steel (satin finish)
Whitby Camp & Survival Axe$25 (US) / £19.95 (UK)340g / 12oz9.5cm / 4in33cm / 13inStainless steel (black oxide coated)
Stihl AX6 hatchet$33 (US) / £26.75 (UK)855g / 1lb 14oz11cm / 4.25in40cm / 15.5inForged carbon steel

How we tested the best camping axes

All of the camping axes and hatchets featured here have been trialled and tested in campsite and backpacking scenarios, used to chop a variety of wood for different purposes.

For more details, see how Advnture tests products.

What to look for when buying the best camping axes and hatchets

An axe stuck in a piece of wood

Axe handles are traditionally made from either hickory or ash, both hardwoods with excellent strength and stiffness (Image credit: alexxx1981 / Getty Images)

Wood is a natural, renewable resource that mankind has used for millennia – but it should be used responsibly, especially in wilderness areas. Remember to follow local rules and guidance on gathering wood and building campfires, and always practice leave-no-trace principles. 

However, if you’re in an area where campfires are permitted, and there’s a suitable stock of deadwood that you can use for firewood, an axe will be an invaluable companion. It will give you plenty of cutting power to chop wood and split logs whilst being relatively lightweight and compact. An axe can also come in handy when building shelters, building camp furniture and practicing other bushcraft skills, as well as for clearing paths and trails. But which type should you go for?

Axe or hatchet (and what’s the difference)? 

Today, these terms are often used interchangeably – probably because fewer people use hand tools on a regular basis, which means they’re less familiar with the term 'hatchet'. On the other hand, most people still know – or at least think they know – what an axe is.

Experts will tell you that there is a clear difference between the two, but many will also argue over the finer points and details. In short, though, a hatchet is a specific type of small axe, designed to be used one-handed, usually in a crouching position, close to the ground. It has a short handle (almost always less than 15 inches long), a head that will weigh less than 2lb, and usually has a wedge-shaped profile, with a distinctive lower cutaway or beard. The bit will usually be wedge-shaped to help it cleave through small logs. It is commonly used for light splitting tasks, like processing firewood and kindling.

An axe is bigger and heavier than a hatchet, with a longer handle and (usually) more head weight. A camp axe or hand axe may be short and light enough to use one-handed, but most axes are designed to be used two-handed. A felling axe is designed to cut across the grain, enabling the user to limb or sned branches and cut down trees. This can be useful for clearing trails and campsites that are choked with fallen trees or overhanging branches.

A splitting axe cuts with the grain, just like a hatchet, but has more head weight and length to generate power and leverage, enabling the user to split big logs and rounds or cords of wood. They’re too heavy to be a viable option to bring camping, but you may find one at some campgrounds or in designated wilderness campsites and mountain huts where firewood is provided. See also: how to chop firewood.

Woman breaking wooden log

If you’re backpacking, an axe will probably be too big to carry with you, but a hatchet will happily split small logs and chop kindling (Image credit: Klaus Vedfelt / Getty Images)

Key features of a camping axe or hatchet

Size and weight A longer, heavier axe delivers more cutting power, but is more tiring to use, requires two hands, and comes with added weight and bulk. If you’re camping or backpacking, you’ll probably only need to split small logs and chop kindling. This is when a hatchet is the perfect tool. Look for one that is small, lightweight and compact so it fits easily in a pack. If you’re canoeing or overlanding in a 4x4-type vehicle, you might need a more robust, heavy-duty felling axe, which will give you the ability to clear fallen logs and branches.

Handle or haft Traditionally, axes were wooden handled or hafted, normally with ash or hickory. Both are hardwoods, with excellent strength and stiffness – the perfect properties for making tool handles. However, some modern hatchets have a one-piece forged steel construction, usually incorporating a plastic or rubber grip. Others use lightweight materials such as glass-reinforced nylon (GRN or fiberglass), polypropylene or other types of plastic and composite material. Wooden handles are seated to the head, or hafted, using a wedge, which is hammered into the eye of the head. This stops the head from wiggling around or shifting up and down when you use the axe. Most wedges are secured with a metal pin, which may be straight or circular.

Look for an axe or hatchet with a sculpted, ergonomic handle that feels comfortable to use. Many feature a bulge or palm swell at the butt end of the handle (sometimes called a knob) for a more secure grip, a slimmer throat (where you grasp the axe) and enlarged shoulders towards the axe head, which adds strength and heft. Slimmer shoulders can be preferable if you need to choke up on the handle for precise cutting work, though.

Parts of an axe: eye, cheek, toe, bit, heel, beard, throat, poll, knob, shoulder

Parts of an axe (Image credit: Matthew Jones)

Head The upper metal part of an axe is called the head. For general camping use, look for an axe with an overall head weight of 1lb-2lb. Most axes have heads made from carbon steel, which is a type of tool steel that balances strength, hardness and wear resistance, so it should stay reasonably sharp. Carbon steel rusts easily, so always dry it between uses. They may be machine forged or hand forged. Other axes might use stainless steel or other types of steel alloy to increase hardness, such as boron steel. Many are painted or coated to provide some protection from rust – but you should regularly oil the axe head with mineral oil too.

Different areas of the head are referred to using specific terminology, which is useful to understand. The back of the head is called the poll or butt. It is usually squared off, and some axes have a robust poll that can be used for hammering. The hole in the top of the head, where it is attached to the handle, is known as the eye. The areas of metal that surround this, sometimes extending down the handle a little way, are called the lips or lugs. The front part of the head is called the bit. It is made up of two cheeks, which slope down towards the cutting edge or blade. 

The top of the cutting edge is the toe, while the lower part is the heel. The sharp edge in between is referred to as the blade space. A curved cutting edge is said to have “plenty of belly” – this usually improves the penetration of the bit when it is swung. When penetration is less important (eg, when splitting with the grain), an axe will typically have a flatter cutting edge to increase the contact area with the wood. This improves efficiency even if the user’s striking is less precise. Lastly, the lower portion of the bit that extends the cutting edge is known as the beard. This often has a cutaway area to make the axe easier to swing, and allows the user to choke up on the handle for finer cutting tasks.

Man using camping axe to split wood for campfire

A sharp axe cuts more quickly, more efficiently and is safer too (Image credit: ArtistGNDphotography / Getty Images)

Camping axe / hatchet care tips

How to stop your axe from rusting
The carbon steel heads of many axes and hatchets will rust quickly if you don’t look after them. Always clean and dry the bit after use, and ensure your axe is not stored in damp or humid conditions. If your axe head does not have a protective coating or finish, oiling it with mineral oil will also help to prevent rust.

A sharp axe cuts more quickly, more efficiently and is safer too. There are many online tutorials to learn how to sharpen an axe – YouTube is your friend here – but unless your axe head is in a really bad way, the process isn’t too difficult or onerous. Generally, you’ll need a good file and a circular whetstone or sharpening puck. 

Cleaning and maintenance
To get the most out of your axe or hatchet, always clean the bit before you put it away. Use the mask or edge protector that is supplied with the axe, and if you don’t have one, make or buy one. When you get home, wipe the head and the handle using soap and water and an old rag to remove any buildup of mud, sweat and grime. Dry it thoroughly and apply a little mineral oil to the head, which will guard against rust. Use boiled linseed oil on the handle to protect the wood.

An outdoors writer and editor, Matt Jones has been testing kit in the field for nearly a decade. Having worked for both the Ramblers and the Scouts, he knows one or two things about walking and camping, and loves all things adventure, particularly long-distance backpacking, wild camping and climbing mountains – especially in Wales. He’s based in Snowdonia and last year thru-hiked the Cambrian Way, which runs for 298 miles from Cardiff to Conwy, with a total ascent of 73,700 feet – that’s nearly 2½ times the height of Everest. Follow Matt on Instagram and Twitter.