What to wear cross country skiing: dress for the ultimate winter workout

A woman cross country skiing
Dressing for cross country skiing is all about protecting yourself from the cold outside while not getting overheated on the inside (Image credit: Westend61)

Knowing what to wear cross country skiing is more than just wrapping up warm on a cold day. In fact, as we’ve previously mentioned, cross country skiing is one of the best cardiovascular workouts around and you’re likely to work up quite a sweat even in the coldest of weather. Whereas you might own insulated ski pants, gloves and jackets for downhill skiing, cross country skiing requires a whole different wardrobe.

Dressing for cross country skiing is all about protecting yourself from the cold outside while not getting overheated on the inside and managing moisture from perspiration so that you can glide with ease and don't get chilled if you slow down or stop. Instead of bundling up, you’ll want to wear breathable, lightweight layers that allow unrestricted movement and can be removed as needed, and work together to quickly move sweat away from your body, known as moisture wicking.

A couple cross country skiing

Instead of bundling up, you’ll want to wear breathable, lightweight layers that allow unrestricted movement (Image credit: David Madison)

Base layer

The first layer on your upper body should be a lightweight, long sleeve base layer made of wool or a synthetic material that will draw sweat away from your body. Make sure it has lots of stretch so you can move properly without rubbing.

Mid layer

You’ll want an insulating layer over your base layer, such as a light fleece jacket or perhaps a light softshell jacket. This should be one you can tie around your waist if you get hot.

Outer layer

On very cold days or if there’s a wind, wear a windproof layer on top, such as a hardshell waterproof jacket.

Tights

Rather than insulated ski pants or overalls where you'll overheat and won't be able to move as freely, you’ll want to wear cross country ski tights that allow lots of movement and are meant for sweating in. Choose a thicker pair that offer some wind resistance if you’re planning going out on colder days.

Two women cross country skiing in the backcountry on a sunny day

Whereas you might own insulated ski pants, gloves and jackets for downhill skiing, cross country skiing requires a whole different wardrobe (Image credit: Tyler Stableford)

Headwear

A fleece headband is ideal for cross country skiing, to cover your ears and keep the sweat out of your eyes without being too warm. You can also wear a thin beanie.

Thin, mid-calf socks

You don’t want thick, knee high ski socks as these will likely be too warm. Opt for lightweight, thin socks and go for mid-calf since cross country ski boots don’t come up as high as alpine boots.

Liner gloves

Leave your bulky ski gloves at home and go for thin liner gloves like trail running gloves that wick sweat away from your hands and allow you to grip your poles properly and remove layers without having to take them off.

Cross country ski belt

Needless to say, you’ll need something to carry your water and perhaps outer layers, but a backpack will hinder your movement, so invest in a cross country ski belt which you wear around your waist to carry your gear.

Julia Clarke is a staff writer for Advnture.com and the author of the book Restorative Yoga for Beginners. She loves to explore mountains on foot, bike, skis and belay and then recover on the the yoga mat. Julia graduated with a degree in journalism in 2004 and spent eight years working as a radio presenter in Kansas City, Vermont, Boston and New York City before discovering the joys of the Rocky Mountains. She then detoured west to Colorado and enjoyed 11 years teaching yoga in Vail before returning to her hometown of Glasgow, Scotland in 2020 to focus on family and writing.