How to celebrate the winter solstice outdoors

Julia Clarke with hands in prayer at sunrise on Vail mountain
From hiking to building a campfire, these are our favorite ways to celebrate the winter solstice outdoors (Image credit: Jack Affleck)

You might be struggling to get outdoors now the days are shorter, but this week's  winter solstice is the perfect time to take a nature dunk. The winter solstice has inspired festivals and ceremonies around the globe for centuries and is based around a natural event that anyone can take part in celebrating. For years, I’ve offered special yoga classes on this day, but spending time outside during the winter solstice is truly the most appropriate way to honor the transition from autumn into winter. This guide to how to celebrate the winter solstice outdoors explains the significance of the day, plus some of my favorite ways to celebrate it in nature.

View of sunrise from inside a tent

During the winter solstice, we experience the longest night and shortest day of the year (Image credit: Getty images)

What is the winter solstice?

The winter solstice marks the moment when either of the earth’s poles reaches its maximum tilt away from the sun. In the northern hemisphere, the winter solstice occurs in December while for those of you in the southern hemisphere, it takes place in June. At this moment, we experience the longest night and shortest day of the year, while the sun will remain at its lowest level in the sky throughout the day. 

According to the Gregorian calendar, the winter solstice marks the official first day of winter, even though for many of us, it may have felt like winter for weeks or even months by the time the solstice arrives. The winter solstice usually falls on the 21st or 22nd of December in the northern hemisphere, and though we think of it as a day, it is really just a moment in time. In 2022, the winter solstice occurs on Wednesday, December 21 at 1:47 p.m. pacific time, 4:47 p.m. eastern time and at 9:47 p.m. in the UK.

The summer solstice occurs six months after the winter solstice, when either of the earth’s poles is closest to the sun, and on that day we experience the longest day and the shortest night. The midway point between the two solstices is called an “equinox,” and these occur in spring and fall.

Sunset at Voyageurs National Park

During the solstice, the sun will remain at its lowest level in the sky throughout the day (Image credit: BlueBarronPhoto)

How do people celebrate the winter solstice?

Winter solstice celebrations and traditions are commonly thought of as pagan, though these festivities have certainly influenced other holidays that fall around this time, such as Hanukkah and Christmas. Traditionally, the winter solstice has been viewed as an auspicious moment in the cycle of the year, when there is perceived to be a “return of the light” and with it, the promise of more energy, optimism and a journey towards the next growing season. Many traditions involve setting intentions and releasing patterns that are no longer useful or beneficial.

Though westerners are used to celebrating January 1 as a time to mark new beginnings, in the natural cycle of the year, the solstice signals the true beginning and many festivals that honor it revolve around light, fire and nourishing food. Many festivals exist such as St Lucia’s Day, a festival of lights in Scandinavia, Dong Zhi, a Chinese festival marked by eating harvest foods to fortify for winter, and an all-night fire and dancing ceremony called Soyal ritualized by the Hopi tribe of Arizona

The Stonehenge circle of stones in the early morning light

An annual winter solstice celebration at Stonehenge involves watching the sun rise the following morning (Image credit: Marianne Purdie)

How to celebrate the winter solstice outdoors

Because the winter solstice is a natural event, spending time outdoors with the low winter sun doing virtually anything that’s respectful of nature is an apt way to celebrate. Plus, as a hiker or trail runner, you might be keen to see the days getting longer again so you can spend more time in nature and want to celebrate. If there are no festivals where you live, or you’d simply like to marry your winter solstice with your love of the outdoors, here are a few ideas:

1. Take a hike

It’s simple, but going for a hike is a great way to celebrate the solstice by tuning in to the patterns of the sun. A trail run works too, but with the days being so short you might find that it’s harder to wake up and your energy is naturally lower, so why not slow things down? Grab your best hiking boots, snowshoes or cross country skis and make sure you plan on a shorter hike so that you don’t run out of daylight, and bring a headlamp for backup (see our guide to the best headlamps for some good options). Walk slowly, keeping your attention on your surroundings, and pay attention to the way the natural world is responding to the shortest day of the year.

four hill walkers wearing gore-tex jackets

Going for a hike is a great way to celebrate the solstice by tuning in to the patterns of the sun (Image credit: Berghaus)

2. Visit a pine forest

Pine is a pagan winter solstice symbol representing healing, and for this reason (whether you know it or not), you might already have a pine wreath on your door or a Christmas tree in your home at this time of year. If you live near an evergreen forest, take a stroll between the trees and squeeze the pine needles between your fingers to savor the scent or try some forest bathing to soak up the properties of the pine trees. A large body of research (opens in new tab) now shows that spending time among trees and in green spaces has many health benefits such as lowering stress and reducing your risk of chronic disease.

A sun dappled forest trail

Pine is a pagan winter solstice symbol representing healing (Image credit: Nazar Abbas Photography)

3. Do yoga outside

The sun is an important symbol in yoga, representing the energy of action where the moon represents rest. Many yoga traditions begin with an east-facing practice to bestow the benefits of the sunrise on the practitioner, or with a series of warming movements called “sun salutations.” Though your local yoga studio might be offering a special class, if you’re lucky enough to live somewhere with milder weather, or your ski clothes are stretchy, you can take your yoga practice outside and enjoy your sun salutations facing the sunrise, or even just practice our yoga for hiking sequence back at the trailhead to stretch it out.

Woman doing goddess pose by the pool

The sun is an important symbol in yoga, representing the energy of action (Image credit: SEASTOCK)

4. Meditate outdoors

Because winter solstice traditions are often centered around setting intentions for the growing season ahead, you might find it to be a powerful time to enjoy meditation outdoors. If it’s cold, wrap up warm with a base layer, thermal underwear and a good down jacket and don’t sit for too long. The benefits of meditating outdoors include exposure to immune-boosting antigens and better air quality as compared to indoor environments, as well as subtler benefits, such as a natural environment providing “fascinating objects” to focus your mind on.

Young people sitting round the campfire

Fire ceremonies abound on the winter solstice (Image credit: Columbia Europe Marketing)

5. Have a bonfire

Fire ceremonies abound on the winter solstice and, so long as you’re somewhere that isn’t under a fire ban and it's safe to do so, building a campfire with friends is a perfect way to keep the light alive and stay warm on the longest night. You can share stories, dance and play music, or have a fire ceremony where you write down any behaviors you’d like to dissolve onto pieces of paper and throw them into the fire, imagining their ashes fertilizing the soil for your new intentions.

Julia Clarke

Julia Clarke is a staff writer for Advnture.com and the author of the book Restorative Yoga for Beginners. She loves to explore mountains on foot, bike, skis and belay and then recover on the the yoga mat. Julia graduated with a degree in journalism in 2004 and spent eight years working as a radio presenter in Kansas City, Vermont, Boston and New York City before discovering the joys of the Rocky Mountains. She then detoured west to Colorado and enjoyed 11 years teaching yoga in Vail before returning to her hometown of Glasgow, Scotland in 2020 to focus on family and writing.